Occupational therapists (OT) are healthcare professionals who help patients to improve their abilities and perform better tasks in both their living and work environment. They use treatments and procedures that help their clients to develop and recover basic living and work skills that would help bring together, a much more wholesome lifestyle. The goal that each therapist sets in his mind for his clients is to ensure that they go on to enjoy thoroughly satisfying, independent and productive lives.
OTs not only work with people with minor problems, but the patients who have permanent disabilities like spinal cord injuries and paralysis. Such people face difficulties in performing simple daily tasks and are assisted by the occupational therapists. They demonstrate the use of adaptive equipment such as wheel-chairs, walkers, hearing aids, dressing aids etc. For some special cases, occupational therapists go on to design new equipment that the patient might require to function at his home or workplace. They teach their clients how to use these equipments and incorporate them in their daily lives.
The most important part of occupational therapy is the assessment and record of progress made by the client. These records help them to scrutinize the procedures and help them cover any left out factors.
OTs sometimes chose to work only with a particular age group instead of tending to the whole lot. This gives them scope in specializing the methods and procedures for the same. For example, therapists who work in schools tend to only children and not adults. They may work with a child individually or a small group at a time. They also employ many physical activities and exercises that are essential in the proper development of a child.
On the other hand, many occupational therapists work only with the elderly. These therapists help them to lead more productive and wholesome lives. They go down to the fine details like home environments and figure out any factors that pose problems for the patient.
These therapists are a great helping hand to people who have problems like stunted mental development, emotional trauma or addictions. The therapists work accordingly and set up activities that help them overcome these problems. Occupational therapists work to relieve stress related problems of their patients too.
OTs usually enjoy large special rooms which are loaded with machines and tools. The job is usually tiring as there is a lot of physical activity involved. The working hours are regular, i.e. 40 hours a week but some therapists chose to work part-time.